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What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that forms the lining of the uterus— the endometrium—grows outside the walls of your uterus. This condition affects around one in 10 women of reproductive age and can cause disruptive, long-term symptoms.  

Endometriosis Symptoms

If you have endometriosis, you may experience some of the following symptoms: 

  • Chronic cramps and pelvic pain
  • Painful intercourse
  • Painful urination or bowel movements 
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding 
  • Difficulty conceiving  

If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, discuss them with your provider and they’ll help you identify a plan of action.

How Does My Provider Diagnose Endometriosis?

Your provider will most likely recommend a surgical procedure called a laparoscopy to identify and diagnose endometriosis. It’s important to us that you feel as comfortable as possible throughout the process, so we provide this procedure at many of our 16 locations across Long Island and the New York City metro.

Laparoscopy is minimally invasive and helps your healthcare provider view your pelvic organs to identify inflammation caused by endometriosis. Your provider may also need to do a pelvic exam or a biopsy, which tests a small amount of tissue in a lab. 

Endometriosis Treatments

There are a few treatment options available for endometriosis. Depending on your symptoms, pregnancy plans, and the extent of your condition, your provider may recommend medication, surgery, or a combination of the two. 

Endometriosis can be treated with pain relievers, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and hormonal medications, such as birth control pills. These medications help slow the growth of endometrial tissue to prevent further pain. However, they don’t get rid of existing tissue.

If your symptoms aren’t alleviated by medication or you’re having trouble conceiving, your provider may recommend surgical treatment. In this instance, endometrial tissue is removed during surgery to relieve pain and improve fertility. 

Talk to Your Square Care Medical Group Provider About Treatment Options

If you’re experiencing endometriosis symptoms, you have treatment options available. Talk to your Square Care Medical Group provider to discuss the treatment plan that best fits your needs and supports your health.